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Physical activity of adult Czech population in perceived neighbourhood environments - national cross-sectional study

Citace:
MITÁŠ, J., FRÖMEL, K., NYKODÝM, J., ŘEPKA, E., BLÁHA, L., SUCHOMEL, A., HORÁK, S., FELTLOVÁ, D., FOJTÍK, I., VALACH, P. Physical activity of adult Czech population in perceived neighbourhood environments - national cross-sectional study. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2012, roč. 15, č. 6, s. 246. ISSN: 1440-2440
Druh: ČLÁNEK
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: Physical activity of adult Czech population in perceived neighbourhood environments - national cross-sectional study
Rok vydání: 2012
Autoři: doc. Mgr. Josef Mitáš Ph.D. , prof. PhDr. Karel Frömel Dr.Sc. , doc. Mgr. Jiří Nykodým Ph.D. , doc. PaedDr. Emil Řepka CSc. , doc. PaedDr. Ladislav Bláha Ph.D. , doc. PaedDr. Aleš Suchomel Ph.D. , RNDr. Svatopluk Horák , Mgr. Dana Feltlová Ph.D. , Mgr. Igor Fojtík Ph.D. , Mgr. Petr Valach Ph.D.
Abstrakt EN: The main purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between weekly physical activity and neighbourhood environment of adult population in the Czech Republic. Nationwide data collection of adults PA was done in the Czech Republic regions between years 2005-2009 using the long version of IPAQ and NEWS-A questionnaires. The research sample was randomly selected from the addresses database available at the Ministry of Interior of the Czech Republic and in the study participated 3868 males and 4840 females (aged 40,84 ? 9,09). For both males and females lower socio-economic status (SES) and higher walkability significantly indicated the highest total weekly PA [H(7, 8708)=21,41; p=0,003; ?2=0,003]. Lower walkability and higher SES in both men and women was significantly related to PA realized in and around their home H(7, 8708)=288,875 p<0,001; ?2=0,033]. In agreement with results of other studies, higher walkability was significantly related to higher level of walking in Czech adult population [H(7, 8708)=55,67; p<0,001; ?2=0,007]. Walking and cycling for transportation were also positively related to areas with higher walkability [H(7, 8708)=103,62; p<0,001; ?2=0,012]. Specific neighbourhood urban settings in the Czech Republic express that residents of smaller communities are more likely to have higher level of total PA. Smaller communities indicate higher walkability and PA than in developed countries, which is another national specificity. More than 60% of adults meet the general recommendations for moderate to vigorous PA; however increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity within the population (more than 50% of adults) and no clear national strategy in healthy urban planning are the key points that need to be addressed while changing the health indicators based on knowledge of the economic costs of less active population.
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