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Knowledge about epilepsy and epilepsy-related stigmatization among teachers in training in the Czech Republic

Citace:
BRABCOVÁ, D., KOHOUT, J., JEŽKOVÁ, M., BEŇOVÁ, B., KRŠEK, P. Knowledge about epilepsy and epilepsy-related stigmatization among teachers in training in the Czech Republic. Barcelona, 2017.
Druh: PŘEDNÁŠKA, POSTER
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: Knowledge about epilepsy and epilepsy-related stigmatization among teachers in training in the Czech Republic
Rok vydání: 2017
Autoři: Mgr. Dana Brabcová Ph.D. , Mgr. Jiří Kohout Ph.D. , Michaela Ježková , MUDr. Barbora Beňová , prof. Pavel Kršek Ph.D.
Abstrakt EN: We aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge about epilepsy among teachers in training and the level of psycho-social stigmatization of affected people from the perspective of these teachers. The effect of additional factors such as teachers´ sex, education, etc. on the given variables was studied in detail. 440 teachers in training at Universities of West Bohemia and South Bohemia, not affected by epilepsy, completed in December 2016 an 18-item multiple-choice test measuring their knowledge about epilepsy and the 21-item Czech version of the Stigma Scale of Epilepsy (SSE). Both scales were validated in our previous research and exhibited acceptable psychometric properties. We found a relatively low level of knowledge about epilepsy among teachers in training (the mean score of 7.21 points out of 18). In contrast, we observed a lower level of the stigmatization of people with epilepsy estimated by teachers in training compared to relevant literary data (the mean score of SSE of 42.45 %). Respondents who personally know an epilepsy patient show significantly higher level of knowledge and lower estimated stigmatization (two-sample t-test p<0.001). We detected no effect of the teachers´s sex, specialty, previous education about epilepsy and high school type on knowledge and/or stigmatization level (p>0.05 in all cases). Surprisingly, the correlation between the level of knowledge and of stigma failed to reach significance (Pearson’s correlation coefficient of 0.03)..Teachers in training in the Czech Republic display low level of knowledge about epilepsy. In contrast, the psycho-social stigma of people with epilepsy is from their perspective also relatively low. Both factors were positively influenced by the teachers’ personal experience with an epilepsy patient.
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